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Vacuum Aspiration And Labor Induction Method For Surgical Abortion

People believe that surgical abortion method is a dangerous method, but it can be made safer by using vacuum aspiration and the labour induction method.

Vacuum Aspiration and labor induction abortion method

Vacuum Aspiration Abortion Method

Vacuum aspiration is a surgical abortion method that involves using gentle suction to terminate the pregnancy. There are two ways of vacuum aspiration (also known as suction aspiration):

Manual Vacuum Aspiration Abortion Method

Manual vacuum aspiration surgical abortion method

This procedure can be used in the early first trimester. It involves the use of a specially designed syringe for suction. However, this method is not available everywhere. But the availability is more than machine aspiration in certain geographic areas.

Machine Vacuum Aspiration Abortion Method

Machine vacuum aspiration surgical Abortion method

This is a frequent technique performed during the first trimester of pregnancy. Machine vacuum aspiration involves the use of a thin tube called a cannula, which is attached by tubing with a bottle and a pump, which provides a gentle vacuum. The cannula is placed into the uterus, the pump is turned on, and the tissue from the uterus is gently removed.

Labor Induction Abortion Method

Labor induction surgical abortion method

Labor induction abortion is a rare method of terminating a pregnancy in the second or third trimester and is recommended only if the woman’s life is at risk.

Labor induction includes taking medications either by mouth or vaginal insertion in order to start labor, which causes the uterus to clear out over within 12-24 hours. A pain killer or local anesthetic may be given as the process involves intense cramping.

Reasons For Surgical Abortion Method:

  1. An induced therapeutic abortion
  2. A failed procedure of medical abortion
  3. Death of the fetus
  4. An incomplete miscarriage

Procedure For Surgical Abortion Method

The doctor firstly explains the whole procedure to the patient in order to prepare her mentally and physically for the abortion process. The medical practitioner will provide all the do’s and don’ts to her. Finally, during the abortion day before starting with the procedure Anesthesia will be given to numb the area. A speculum is inserted gently into the vagina. The doctors use dilators for opening the cervix, then insert a tube into the uterus after that they use manual or mechanical suction devices to clear out the uterus and terminate the pregnancy. The doctors typically recommend this during the first trimester.

Starting or inducing labor and delivery in the second or third trimester of a pregnancy is done using medicines. To prevent complications, the cervix may be slowly opened and dilated with an osmotic dilator, a device called a cervical, before the induction is started. Medicines to start early labor either can be:

  1. Injected into the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus or injected into the fetus. Substances injected include Saline, digoxin, or potassium chloride.
  2. Or, inserted into the vagina to induce uterine contractions and soften the cervix. This allows the contents of the uterine to pass through the cervix. Vaginal medicines include prostaglandins, like misoprostol.
  3. Or, injected into a vein, intravenously, to start or induce uterine contractions. Oxytocin is mostly used for this purpose.

The combination of different medicines available for an induction abortion may be used for effectiveness and to decrease the amount of bleeding.

An induced abortion does cause the stages of labour and delivery to occur. Pain killers or medication can be used during the procedure.

After the procedure:

  1. Antibiotics are given to prevent infection.
  2. Take rest until feeling better to start with normal activities.
  3. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve cramping pain. Be safe while eating medicines. Carefully read and follow all instructions on the label of the prescribed medicines.
  4. Medicines may be given to help the uterus contract and return back to its prepregnancy size.
  5. Do not have sex for at least 1 week, or longer, as advised by the doctor.
  6. If started having intercourse again, use birth control. Also, use condoms to prevent infection.

Risks involved in Surgical Abortion Method

This is the most complicated abortion method involving huge risks.

Risks while injecting injection:

  1. An injection of seawater, saline, or other drugs into the bloodstream by accident.
  2. Possible damage to the uterus following the procedure
  3. Excessive bleeding

Risks by inserting medicines into the vagina:

  1. Excessive bleeding
  2. Excessive uterine
  3. contractions or pain
  4. Uterine rupture

Risks of injecting medicine intravenously:

  1. Excessive bleeding
  2. Excessive uterine
  3. contractions or pain
  4. Failure to end the pregnancy

Other risks:

  1. Fever
  2. Vomiting
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Nausea


As the body returns to its non-pregnant condition, there are changes that can be expected during the days and weeks after the procedure. Normal recovery involves:

  1. Irregular bleeding or spotting for the first 7-14 days. During the first 7 days, avoid tampon use and use only pads.
  2. Cramps similar to periods cramps, which may be present for many hours and possibly for a few days as the uterus shrinks back to its non-pregnant size.


Surgical abortion in the First-trimester is safe and effective and has few complications. In rare cases, the procedure of vacuum aspiration doesn’t successfully end a pregnancy. This generally happens during the early weeks of pregnancy.

Induction abortion is effective in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Dilation and evacuation are generally used in second-trimester abortions. It is always safer, quicker, and more effective than induction abortion.

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