Vacuum aspiration abortion is the best surgical abortion method. That involves using gentle suction to terminate pregnancy. There are two ways of vacuum aspiration (also known as suction aspiration):
Manual Vacuum Aspiration Abortion
This procedure can be used in the early first trimester. It involves the use of a specially designed syringe for suction. However, this method is not available everywhere. But the availability is more than machine aspiration in certain geographic areas.
Machine Vacuum Aspiration Abortion
This procedure is a common method used in first trimester of pregnancy. Machine vacuum aspiration involves the use of a thin tube called cannula, that is attached by tubing with a bottle and a pump, which provides a gentle vacuum. The cannula is inserted into the uterus, the pump is turned on, and the tissue is gently removed from the uterus.
Reasons for Vacuum Aspiration Abortion
The possible reasons for undergoing vacuum aspiration are as follows:
- An induced therapeutic abortion
- A failed procedure of medical abortion
- Death of the fetus
- An incomplete miscarriage
The doctor firstly explains about the whole procedure to the patient in order to prepare her mentally and physically for the abortion process. The medical practitioner will provide all the do’s and don’ts to her. Finally, during the abortion day before starting with the procedure Anesthesia will be given to numb the area. A speculum is inserted gently into the vagina. The doctors use dilators for opening cervix, then insert a tube into the uterus after that they use manual or mechanical suction device to clear out the uterus and terminate pregnancy. The doctors typically recommend this during the first trimester.
The process of vacuum aspiration has more of advantages than disadvantages.
The method is available for the first trimester, the procedure is very quick generally takes 5-10 minutes, it does not involve any type of pain or cramping although some women may experience it.
It is not available in the second trimester.
Recovery from vacuum aspiration includes, 1 hour complete rest after treatment, taking antibiotics to prevent infection due to surgery, avoid sexual intercourse for at least 1 week after treatment.
After the procedure: Risk & Complications
However, bleeding and infection can be a potential risk after treatment, though the chances are low. If such signs are shown then consulting the doctor immediately should be the first step.
The patient should call the doctor immediately if she have any of these symptoms after an abortion:
- Severe bleeding
- Signs of infection like headache, bodypain, dizziness
- Severe pain in the abdomen untreatable by pain medicine, rest, or heat.
- Hot flushes or a fever of 100.4°F
- Vomiting for more than 4 to 6 hours
- Sudden abdominal swelling or increased heart rate
- Foul smelling vaginal discharge
- Pain, swelling, or redness near or in the genital area
Signs and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Hormonal changes after a pregnancy can cause depression or anxiety that requires treatment.
Surgical abortion in the First-trimester are safe and effective and have few complications.
In rare cases, the procedure of vacuum aspiration doesn’t successfully end a pregnancy. This generally happens during the earliest weeks of a pregnancy.